VAT

Get started with Reach Accountant

Congratulations on getting associated with Reach Accountant, The Next Gen Cloud Accounting Software. This is your first step in becoming a Future-ready Accountant and be enabled with tools needed for you

Who Can take up this Course:

Working Accountant

If you are an Accountant, trying to learn Cloud Accounting to enhance your knowledge of next gen tools or If your organization has purchased Reach Accounting Software and you will be the key user.

Practicing Accountant

Cloud Accounting brings a lot of benefits to your practice by giving you a real time view of your clients Accounts and taxes. It gives you additional bandwidth to add more clients from anywhere in the world and helps you finish their accounting and taxes on time. For you, this course will be a useful insight on finishing accounting and taxes of your clients using the software.

Students

As a student of accountancy you might want to enhance your key skills and be job ready. This course will teach you how you can be more efficient by using next-gen accounting software.

Study Materials

Download the full study material for offine study and reference

Practicals

Take a quick walkthrough of the Cloud Accounting Software along and explore the various Menu and Submenu.


Chapter 1 | Introduction

What is Cloud Accounting?

Think about Facebook, Gmail and Internet banking. Every time you login and access this data, you’re using the cloud. The Cloud becomes possible because of availability of internet. It makes data and software accessible online anytime, anywhere, from any device.

Traditionally, your software was stored in your Hard disk and hence allowed only you to access at any time. A few years later, You were able to share your hard disk with multiple computers within your office using a LAN. With the advent of the internet, you can now allow multiple users to access the same software from anywhere in the world. This is called Cloud Computing

Chapter 1 | Introduction

What is Reach Accountant?

Reach Accountant is an Accounting Software. However, Unlike your traditional software like Tally, MYOB etc, it is hosted on the Cloud and so allows you to access and use from anywhere like your facebook or gmail using a browser.

Reach Accountant is made to suit 21 different businesses and hence gives a business the advantage of using a single software without having to customise the software for their needs.

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Learning Objectives:

Creating the Account

  • Creating an Organisation
  • Creating a Branch
  • Creating a Financial year
  • Downloading the desktop icon
  • Downloading the mobile app

Setting up the Account

  • Templates
  • E-mails and sms

Customisiation

  • Menu
  • Tabs
  • Invoice design

Practicals

  • Download the mobile app
  • Try customizing the menu and tabs
  • Set-up email templates

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Setting up your Account

Setting up your Account involves creating your software account and getting it ready to use.

Here are some key things you should do:
  1. First, you will have to Set up your Company, Branches and Users (next)

  2. Once the company is created, You can download the Desktop icon and mobile app to facilitate easy access from next time (Then)

  3. Reach gives you an option to customize the names of the menu tabs, You can change names, design the Invoice templates to your preference and setup the sms and email templates

Training your Users

Once your Account is set-up, The next step is to train the users. Depending on the size of the company, you can identify the employees who will be responsible for using the software.

The following employees can benefit by using Reach Software
  1. The Billing Counter Clerks

  2. The Accountant

  3. The Purchase Incharge

  4. The Warehouse/ Godown managers

Though all of the employees can use Reach at the same time, for the purpose of training, you will have to identify one super user within your organization. This super user can be yourself or any of your senior employees who understands the business.

The super user can ideally take up a one-on-one training with one of our consultants and can watch all our training videos to get trained in the product. These training videos are available in our website www.reachaccountant.com

Import your Old Data

Once your users are trained in the software and have practiced the entries in the software, You are ready to roll out for daily transactions.

Here is how you do it:
  1. Import your Customers, Vendors, Products and Account Ledgers into the software

  2. If you are making this transition halfway through and are already using a software, you can also import your transactions like, Sales and Purchase orders, Invoices, receipts and payments

  3. Once done, check if the Trial Balances, Customer and Vendor Balance and Opening Stock tallies in the respective reports.

  4. After this, you can start using Reach Accountant everyday

Chapter 2 | SETTING UP

1.How to setup the VAT Details

    Fill the vat details for Home branch
  1. Go to My reach under settings tab

  2. Click Organisation name now Financial date appears

  3. Click Organisation name

  4. Go to click Update under action button and scroll down

  5. Now go to add Tax details Add TRN, Self billed permit no and company Register number and click save

  6. Fill vat details for each Customers and Vendors
  7. Go to settings under settings

  8. Click Customer under income tab

  9. Click add customer

  10. Add customer name and click more details, click vat button and add TRN and select Reverse applicable Subject to reverse charge or not Subject to reverse charge

  11. Go to settings under settings

  12. Click Vendor settings under Expenses tab

  13. Click add vendor

  14. Add vendor(supplier) name and click more details, click vat button and add TRN and select Reverse applicable Subject to reverse charge or not Subject to reverse charge

  15. Fill vat details for each account ledgers
  16. Go to settings under settings

  17. Click Account ledger under

  18. Click Add a account

  19. Now go to add ledger group ledger name and opening balance, Then Enable the Taxable ledger checkbox and map to Vat return form,

  20. Select Form 1 and select supplies type

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Setting up Templates

  1. Click settings under settings tab.

  2. Click Create Templates under Income tab.

  3. Click add templates and create the new one.

  4. Select the Setting Type.

  5. Enter the Template Name.

  6. Select Choose Template.

  7. To change the Field Name you can Enter in Customized Label Name respect to Current Field Name.

  8. To add Additional Column in Print Invoice use the Column

  9. Enable the Show this Field in Print checkbox

  10. To add Additional Field in Print Invoice use the Field and map the account

  11. Here you can enable the checkbox to print Logo in Invoice

  12. Here you can select Print Size

  13. Now Click create

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Setting up the email and sms templates

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click Templates

  3. Go to SMS/Whatsapp templates or E-mail templates

  4. Customize the SMS or E-mail content

  5. Then Save

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Creating a Organization

  1. Go to Myreach under settings tab

  2. Click add option

  3. The daily reports will be received reports as a mobile number

  4. Click on save once you are done

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Creating a Branch

  1. Go to Myreach under settings tab

  2. Click Organisation name, know it will go to Financial Year

  3. Then click Financial datas

  4. Click add button and create new branch (Fill the relevant details properly)

  5. upload your logo and if you want to SHOW LOGO in your transaction print click the box

  6. Attach your branch signature and seal

  7. Fill the address information

  8. Fill the Bank Details

  9. Click save

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Creating a Financial Year

  1. Go to Myreach under settings tab

  2. Click Organisation name, know it will go to Financial Year

  3. Now click add button and create new financial year

  4. Choose the last financial year, in which all the closing balances will be the opening balance for current financial year.

  5. Click save

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Downloading the Desktop Icon

  1. Click Download Setup(.exe)

  2. Then save the downloaded file to get Desktop Icon

Chapter 2 | Setting up

6. Downloading the mobile App

  1. use to google play store and Download the Reach app

  2. After downloading the app, you can login with your user ID on your mobile

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Learning Objectives:

Customizing the menu

The names on the menus can be changed in Reach Software according to the way you would want to see it. For example, If you want to rename the "Income" Menu to "Sales" it can be done. This chapter shows you how it is done.

Customizing the tabs

The names on the menus can be changed in Reach Software according to the way you would want to see it. For example, If you want to rename the "Income" Menu to "Sales" it can be done. This chapter shows you how it is done.

Designing Invoice

Reach already has pre-designed 20 templates for use. However if you are keen on designing your own Invoice templates, Reach also has an option to do that. This section will teach you how to design your own template.

Practicals

  • Try changing the names of the menu
  • Try changing names of the tabs
  • Design a new sample invoice

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 2 | Setting up

Customizing the menu

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click customizing

  3. Go to tab menu

  4. Click add Module Customization

  5. Select the default menu name

  6. You can customize your menu name

  7. Click Create

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Customising the tabs

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click customizing

  3. Go to tab menu

  4. Click add Module Customization

  5. Select the default menu name

  6. You can customize your menu name

  7. Click Create

Chapter 2 | Setting up

Designing the Invoice

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click Templates

  3. Invoice/Bill Templates

  4. Click add a Invoice/Bill Templates

  5. Select Parent Template

  6. You can select Placeholder

  7. Copy the Placeholder Name and paste on the place

  8. To Design your Templates you can access here

  9. Once your Design is done you can see a preview and create

Chapter 3 | Importing

Once your users are trained in the software and have practiced the entries in the software, You are ready to roll out for daily transactions.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Importing customers

  2. Importing Vendors

  3. Importing Products

  4. Importing Account Heads

  5. Importing Sales Orders

  6. Importing Quotes

  7. Importing Invoices

  8. Importing Receipts

  9. Importing Purchase Orders

  10. Importing Supplier Bills

  11. Importing Payments

  12. Importing Bank Transactions

Practicals

  1. Importing customers

  2. Importing Products

  3. Importing Invoices

  4. Importing Payments

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 3 | Importing

Importing Customers

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click admin

  3. Then click on import and select Import customer

  4. Click on choose file and select the excel

  5. Click import

  6. Then map with relevant fields

  7. Click Save

  8. Once the file uploaded you can check how much was uploaded and failed

Chapter 3 | Importing

Importing Vendors

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click admin

  3. Then click on import and select Import vendors

  4. Click on choose file and select the excel

  5. Click import

  6. Then map with relevant fields

  7. Click Save

  8. Once the file uploaded you can check how much was uploaded and failed

Chapter 3 | Importing

Importing Products

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click admin

  3. Then click on import and select Import products

  4. Click on choose file and select the excel

  5. Click on overwrite

  6. Click Import the products button

  7. In second page map with HSN code

  8. Now Click on validate HSN

  9. If the code is validated a pop up appears with success message

  10. Then map with relevant fields

  11. Select field for tax percent(18%) and Type(IGST)

  12. Click save

  13. Once the file uploaded you can check how much was uploaded and failed

Chapter 3 | Importing

5. Importing Sales Orders

  1. Go to sales orders under leads tab

  2. Click import sales orders

  3. Click on choose file and select the excel

  4. Import the products

  5. Then map with relevant fields

  6. Click on save once you are done

Chapter 3 | Importing

6. Importing Quotes

  1. Go to Quotes under leads tab

  2. Click import Quotes

  3. Click on choose file and select the excel

  4. Select setting type

  5. Click Import Button

  6. Map with relevant fields

  7. Save

Chapter 3 | Importing

7. Importing Invoices

  1. Go to invoice under Income tab

  2. Click Import Invoice

  3. Click on choose file and select the excel

  4. Then Click Import

  5. Then Map with relevant fields

  6. Save

Chapter 3 | Importing

8. Importing Receipts

  1. Go to Receipt under Income tab

  2. Click Import receipts button

  3. Click on choose file and select the excel

  4. Click import Receipt

  5. Then Map with relevant fields

  6. Save

Chapter 3 | Importing

9. Importing Purchase Orders

  1. Go to Purchase orders under Purchase tab

  2. Click Import Purchase Orders

  3. Click on choose file and select the excel

  4. Select settings type

  5. Click import Receipt

  6. Then Map with relevant fields

  7. Save

Chapter 3 | Importing

10. Importing Supplier Bills

  1. Go to Bill under Purchase tab

  2. Click Import Bill

  3. Click on choose file and select the excel

  4. Select settings type

  5. Click import Bill

  6. Then Map with relevant fields

  7. Save

Chapter 3 | Importing

11. Importing Payments

  1. Go to Purchase orders under Purchase tab

  2. Click Import Bill

  3. Click on choose file and select the excel

  4. Click import Payment

  5. Then Map with relevant fields

  6. Save

Chapter 3 | Importing

12. Importing Bank Transactions

  1. Click settings under settings tab

  2. Click Import under admin

  3. Then click Import bank Transactions

  4. Click on choose file and select the excel

  5. Select settings Payment Account

  6. click import

  7. Then Map with relevant fields

  8. Save

Chapter 4 | Income

Learning Objectives:

Invoices

Invoice is issued by a seller to the buyer quantifying the terms of purchase and becomes a legal document for the tax authorities. This section will teach you how to raise Invoices on your customer using Reach Software.

Receipts

A receipt voucher is given when you receive money from a person. The money can be recieved as Cash, Cheque or as Bank Transfer. This voucher is the proof that payment has been received. Every receipt has to be recorded in the Accounting Software and has to be set-off against outstanding Invoices. This section is aimed at teaching how receipts can be recorded.

Sales Returns

Credit notes are issued to record Sales Returns or to provide discounts which was not declared at the time of making an Invoice. This section will teach you how to record credit notes using reach software.

Practicals

  • Create an invoice
  • Print an invoice
  • E-mail an invoice
  • Add receipt to an invoice
  • Add a direct cash receipt
  • Add a advance receipt
  • Record a sales return (CR note)
  • Adjust an invoice against a Cr. note

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 4 | INCOME

What is VAT supply?

Supply refers to Sale.

  1. Made by a registered taxable person

  2. In the state of UAE

  3. For a consideration

  4. In the course of running a Business.

  5. Sale could be on account of transfer of title of goods or towards provision of services.

The following activities alone are not considered supply (Exempt subject to some conditions):
  1. Financial Services

  2. Residential Buildings

  3. Bare Land

  4. Local Passenger Transport Services

Chapter 4 | INCOME

What is Tax Invoice?

Tax Invoice

A Tax Invoice is issued in B2B Sales, where the buyer is registered or the value of supply is more than AED 10000

Let us see the format of the tax Invoice:

How to raise an Invoice using Reach Accountant?


Now I will show you how to raise a Tax Invoice using Reach Software.

You will first have to design and setup your Invoice parameters. This is done only once Once you have setup your Invoice, you can then start creating Invoice for your customers.

1. Designing your Invoice

Reach Software provides you a unique option to design Invoices the way you like it.

You can either choose to use over 20 pre-designed templates or you can design one yourself.

Let me now show you how to design your Invoice.

Step 1 - Go to Settings>> Admin>> Invoice Template

Step 2 - Click on Add Invoice Template

Step 3 -Now you can start designing your Invoice.

Give a name for your Template and Choose a Parent template which you would like to amend.

Now you can create the place holders and paste it in the places you would like to have it.

For example, If you like to change the delivery note column to a Bill due date column, create the relevant place holder and paste it in the template area

Step 4- Once done, you can save the template.

2. Setting up the Invoice

Now I will show you how to set-up the Invoice parameters.

You can choose to create multiple Invoice sequences also in Reach Software.

For example, you can create a different sequence for Export Invoices and another sequence for Local Invoices

Let’s see how to create a Invoice Sequence.

Step 1 - Go to settings>> Income>> Create Template

Step 2 - Click on add template

Step 3-Now you can start setting up the basic parameters

Assign the Invoice template to a branch and provide a Template name.

Choose the Invoice design from the dropdown. You will see the design created by you in the list. Choose the designed Invoice.

Now you can further add parameters relating to Taxes.

Once that is done, you can assign a pre-filled pricelist to this template if that is relevant.

A pricelist is created separately if you have differential pricings for customers divided by type or geography. I will teach you about the pricelist in a separate video.

Once you assign a pricelist, you can configure the decimal points for this Invoice template.

You can also pre-set the type of Invoice and assign it to a specific account head.

Following which you can pre set the terms and notes. Please note that you can also choose to add these details at the time of voucher entry.

<< Now open a sample Invoice format>>

Now, you can add additional columns and fields to your Invoice. Let me show you how.

The above the line columns can be added here and this will reflect here in the invoice.

Below the line columns can be added both as an addition item or a subtraction item and will reflect in your Invoice like this.

Now you can choose your email and print preferences.

You can choose the size of the paper which you will use to print your Invoice and also decide on the number of copies you choose to print.

Once you finish the print settings, you can now choose the Invoice number sequence and add a starting number.

In case you are a Importer or Manufacturer, you can choose the value at which the tax should be calculated.

The serial number checkbox is used if you deal with electronic products or spare parts and wish to track your Inventory based on batch or serial sequences

Finally, you can choose if this is a default template

Once done, you can now save it.

3. Raising an Invoice

Now that you have set-up your Invoices, you can start creating and issuing Invoices to your customers using Reach Software.

The Invoice will have three segments, The first segment shows details and type of the Invoice.

The second shows the Billing particulars and the last segment shows other key details

On What Value should VAT be calculated?

VAT should be calculated on the Total Invoice value adding any loading or packing charges and reducing discounts allowed to it. The diagram below explains the value for calculation

6. At what rate should VAT be calculated?

VAT Rates are determined based on the products and the place of supply.

UAE VAT Rate Structure
Rate Type Qualifiers Rate of Tax
Standard Rate All supplies except below made by a registered person for a consideration 5%
Zero-Rated Supplies
  1. All direct and indirect exports
  2. Exported Telecommunication Services
  3. Supply and Import of precious metals
  4. Residential Buildings
  5. Buildings used for Charity
  6. Education services
  7. Healthcare services
0%
Exempt Supplies
  1. Financial Services
  2. Residential buildings
  3. Bare Land
  4. Residential Buildings
  5. Local Passenger Transport Services
Nil

VAT Applicability on different transactions

The applicability and treatment of VAT on supplies differ based on several factors such as place of supply, the location of the supplier, and location of recipient etc. which are critical in determining the applicability of VAT. Let us explain this in the table below:

Type of Supply in VAT Explanation Taxability Example
Domestic Taxable Supplies A VAT registered supplier must charge VAT on all local supplies of goods and services within UAE.VAT collected from the customer is called output tax and it must be reported in the VAT return. Standard Rate of VAT at 5% A-One Spare Ltd based in UAE supplies spare parts to a customer who is based in the UAE. Here, VAT at 5% is levied on the supply of spare parts.
Reverse Charge Supplies Businesses registered in UAE are required to pay VAT on certain notified supplies like import of goods and services from overseas / other VAT implementing GCC States on Reverse Charge basis. In the same tax period, they are allowed to reclaim the VAT as an input tax such that no extra tax is payable / reclaimable for the transaction. Standard Rate of VAT at 5% A-One Spare Ltd, a registered dealer in spare parts and accessories in Dubai, imported spare parts worth AED 5500 from Speed Motors Ltd, located in India. Here, A- One Spare Ltd, being a registered importer, is required to pay VAT @ 5% on AED 5500 i.e. AED 275 to the government and claim AED 275 as Input Tax in the same month. As a result, there is no extra tax payable on the transaction.
Zero-rated Supplies A VAT registered supplier can charge VAT at zero-rate (i.e. charge VAT at 0%) on the supply of certain notified goods and services such as export of goods and services, international transportation services etc. 0% VAT A-One Spare Ltd, a registered dealer in spare parts and accessories in Dubai exported spare parts to a customer in India. Here, the export of spare parts will be at 0% VAT.
Exempt Supplies Certain notified goods and services such as financial services, residential buildings, bare land, local passenger transport etc. are exempted from VAT. Nil A-One Spare Ltd received local passenger services which is exempted from VAT.
Intra-GCC Supplies - B2B A supplier registered in UAE is not required to charge VAT on the supply of goods and services to the recipients who are registered in other GCC implementing states. The reason being the place of supply in the above cases is considered to be in the other GCC implementing state. Nil A-One Spare Ltd, a registered dealer in spare parts and accessories in Dubai supplied spare parts to a customer registered in Saudi Arabia Here, A-One Spare Ltd is not required to charge and account VAT on supply of spare parts to the Saudi customer.
Designated Free Zones Designated Zone refers to an area specified by a cabinet decision and that meets the conditions specified in the Executive Regulation. For the purpose of VAT, a Designated Zone will be treated as being outside the state and any supplies between Designated Zones will not attract VAT at 5%. Nil For example, Rose Traders located in Jebel Ali Free Zone supplied goods to A-One Traders, Dubai Airport Free Zone. In the above illustration, Jebel Ali Free Zone and Dubai Airport Free Zone are assumed to be Designated Zones. So, the supply of goods from Rose Traders to A-one Traders will be VAT free since the supply is between Designated Zones.

Import of Goods and Services

When you import goods from out of the country, the VAT on such goods is paid by you on reverse charge basis. There is also a scenario where and C&F pays the duty on your behalf and claims later.

  1. While creating a Vendor, In the Tax information, choose the type of removal as Import
  2. Create a input tax VAT which is applicable on assessable value
  3. Create a separate Purchase Voucher for Import
  4. Enter a purchase bill for the supply in foreign currency (no VAT applies here) choose supply type as Import
  5. Now if the Clearance is done directly
    • Create UAE Customs department (Federal Customs Authority) as a vendor
    • Create a expense bill on it
  6. If the clearance is done by a C& F Agent
    • The C&F Agent would have raised a bill
    • The bill among duty paid would include transport, freight, clearing charges etc
    • Enter this as a separate bill to C&F person
    • While entering the customs duty has to be entered as a separate line item
    • While entering this item, the VAT should be added on the assessable value

Chapter 4 | INCOME

What are the different types of Invoices under VAT?

Invoice is issued by a seller to the buyer quantifying the terms of purchase and becomes a legal document for the tax authorities

There are two types of Invoices:
  1. A Retail Invoice or ( Simplified Invoice)
  2. A Tax Invoice

When you buy a good from your nearby supermarket, The receipt given to you is a Retail Bill. In the same way, when you book a ticket using the services of a travel agent, the transaction document given by him is called a Tax Invoice.

Chapter 4 | INCOME

What is the format of VAT Invoice?

Simplified Tax Invoice

A simplified Tax Invoice is issued on B2C or Retail Sales. When the consumer is not registered with VAT and the value of the supply does not exceed AED 10000.

This is the format of a Simplified tax Invoice:

Chapter 4 | INCOME

Discounts

In the course of business, there are discounts which are provided at the time of Invoicing and some are determined later as Schemes. In this section, let us see the treatment of both scenarios and the way it is handled in Reach.

Known at the time of Invoicing
  1. If it’s a single tax voucher, add discount below the line
  2. It it’s a multi tax voucher, add discount to every item
  3. Else, if discount is created in the masters (as pricelist), apply that discount and choose “show as discount”
Not known at the time of Invoicing
  1. Raise a Credit Note
  2. Map it to the Invoice
  3. The Invoice value should get reduced

Chapter 4 | INCOME

Sales Returns

Under VAT, Credit notes have to be raised for every Sales Returns.

What is a Credit Note?

When you return your goods to a nearby store, the shopkeeper sometimes would give you a receipt which you can use to exchange or set-off against future purchases. This receipt is known as a credit note.

In business, Credit notes are issued for the following reasons:
  1. For Sales Returns
  2. To provide a Sales Discount which was not known at the time of making the Invoice
  3. To account for shortages in delivery

Credit notes can be adjusted against current outstanding Invoices or might be allowed to be set-off against future Invoices.

Sometimes, it might be followed with a cash refund too

How to prepare a credit note in Reach Software?

Explain the following scenarios

  1. Adjusting the credit note against an existing Invoice
  2. Adjusting an Invoice against a credit note
  3. Making a refund payment against a credit note

Chapter 4 | Income

Learning Objectives:

  1. what an Invoice is

  2. when to raise an Invoice

  3. Understand the format and essentials of an Invoice

  4. How to raise Invoice using Reach Software

  5. Where to check this invoice results

What is an Invoice?

Invoice is issued by a seller to the buyer quantifying the terms of purchase and becomes a legal document for the tax authorities

There are two types of Invoices:

  1. A Retail Invoice or Bill

  2. A Tax Invoice

When you buy a good from your nearby supermarket, The receipt given to you is a Retail Bill. In the same way, when you book a ticket using the services of a travel agent, the transaction document given by him is called a Tax Invoice.

When to raise an Invoice to your buyer?

The answer to this lies in the nature of your business.

If you are selling goods, you have two options

  1. In the normal cases, you have to issue an Invoice before the goods are removed from your place

  2. In the case of continuous supply, you can issue an Invoice before the issuance of the account statement

If you are offering services:

  1. You have to raise Invoices within 30 days from the supply of services

What is the format of an Invoice?

Let us see the format of the retail and tax Invoice format and understand the key items

A GST Invoice must have the following mandatory fields:

  1. Invoice number and date

  2. Customer name

  3. Shipping and billing address

  4. Customer and taxpayer’s GSTIN (if registered)**

  5. Place of supply

  6. HSN code/ SAC code

  7. Item details i.e. description, quantity (number), unit (metre, kg etc.), total value

  8. Taxable value and discounts

  9. Rate and amount of taxes i.e. CGST/ SGST/ IGST

  10. Whether GST is payable on reverse charge basis

  11. Signature of the supplier

If the recipient is not registered AND the value is more than Rs. 50,000 then the invoice should carry:

  1. Name and Address of the Recipient

  2. Address of Delivery

  3. State name and State code

How to raise an Invoice using Reach Accountant?

Now I will show you how to raise a Tax Invoice using Reach Software. You will first have to design and setup your Invoice parameters. This is done only once Once you have setup your Invoice, you can then start creating Invoice for your customers.

1. Designing your Invoice

Reach Software provides you a unique option to design Invoices the way you like it. You can either choose to use over 20 pre-designed templates or you can design one yourself.

Let me now show you how to design your Invoice.

  • Step 1 - Go to Settings>> Admin>> Invoice Template

  • Step 2 - Click on Add Invoice Template

  • Step 3 - Now you can start designing your Invoice

  • Give a name for your Template and Choose a Parent template which you would like to amend.Now you can create the place holders and paste it in the places you would like to have it. For example, If you like to change the delivery note column to a Bill due date column, create the relevant place holder and paste it in the template area

  • Step 4 - Once done, you can save the template.

2. Setting up the Invoice

Now I will show you how to set-up the Invoice parameters. You can choose to create multiple Invoice sequences also in Reach Software. For example, you can create a different sequence for Export Invoices and another sequence for Local Invoices.

Let’s see how to create a Invoice Sequence.

  • Step 1 - Go to settings>> Income>> Create Template

  • Step 2 - Click on add template

  • Step 3 - Now you can start setting up the basic parameters

Assign the Invoice template to a branch and provide a Template name. Choose the Invoice design from the dropdown. You will see the design created by you in the list. Choose the designed Invoice.

Now you can further add parameters relating to Taxes.

Once that is done, you can assign a pre-filled pricelist to this template if that is relevant. A pricelist is created separately if you have differential pricings for customers divided by type or geography. I will teach you about the pricelist in a separate video.

Once you assign a pricelist, you can configure the decimal points for this Invoice template. You can also pre-set the type of Invoice and assign it to a specific account head. Following which you can pre set the terms and notes. Please note that you can also choose to add these details at the time of voucher entry.

Now open a sample Invoice format

Now, you can add additional columns and fields to your Invoice. Let me show you how. The above the line columns can be added here and this will reflect here in the invoice. Below the line columns can be added both as an addition item or a subtraction item and will reflect in your Invoice like this. Now you can choose your email and print preferences. You can choose the size of the paper which you will use to print your Invoice and also decide on the number of copies you choose to print.

Once you finish the print settings, you can now choose the Invoice number sequence and add a starting number. In case you are a Importer or Manufacturer, you can choose the value at which the tax should be calculated. The serial number checkbox is used if you deal with electronic products or spare parts and wish to track your Inventory based on batch or serial sequences

Finally, you can choose if this is a default template Once done, you can now save it.

3. Raising an Invoice

Now that you have set-up your Invoices, you can start creating and issuing Invoices to your customers using Reach Software.

Let me now show you how.

  1. Go to invoice under income tab

  2. Click on Add Invoice Button

  3. The Invoice will have three segments, The first segment shows details and type of the Invoice. The second shows the Billing particulars and the last segment shows other key details. Let us now raise a sample Invoice.

  4. Choose the customer to whom you are raising an Invoice.

    Reach will automatically populate the customer’s details and also show you the balance outstanding for the customer. In case this is a new customer,

  5. You can add the details of the new customer by clicking on the "+" button near the customer field.

  6. You can match this Invoice to a specific cost centre and choose the pricelist relevant to the customer. (you also have an option to pre-assign the pricelist to the customer and reach will automatically pull it out)

  7. Once marked, you can start adding all the products which you sell in the Invoice now. while adding products, you can add discounts and choose taxes.

  8. Once an Invoice is completed, you can now create a receipt for the Invoice or adjust the Invoice against advance payments or outstanding credit notes.

  9. Reach also has the option of pre-setting reminders for your Invoices through email and sms.

  10. Now your Invoice is completed and ready to be sent to your customer.

  11. You can print the Invoice and send it to your customer. Alternatively you can also choose to email, sms or whatsapp the Invoice directly to your customer.

  12. Once you save the Invoice. The Invoice appears in the list of Invoices.

  13. The Invoice shows the payment and the shipment status. You can do further changes to the Invoice from the Action Tab.

Chapter 4 | Income

Receipts

In this section, Lets learn What is Receipt Voucher and How to raise receipt using Reach, Cloud Accounting Software.

Learning Objectives

  1. What is Receipt Voucher and When Should Receipt Voucher be Issued?

  2. How to raise the receipt voucher using Reach software

  3. Where to check the receipt report

What is a Receipt Voucher?

A receipt voucher is given when you receive money from a person. The money can be recieved as Cash, Cheque or as Bank Transfer. This voucher is the proof that payment has been received.

You might receive money

  1. When you make a cash sale

  2. Against a previous Credit Invoice

  3. As an advance towards future supply

  4. On sale of Asset

  5. As a Hand Loan

  6. Various other scenarios

In most of these scenarios, the payer will request a receipt from you.

Format of the Receipt Voucher?

Now, Let us see the format of the receipt voucher.

The format of Receipt Voucher has been provided by the CGST Rules, 2017:

  1. Name, address, and GSTIN of the supplier

  2. Serial number

  3. Date of its issue

  4. Name, address and GSTIN or Unique Identity Number, if registered, of the recipient

  5. Description of goods or services

  6. Amount of advance taken

  7. Rate of tax (central tax, State tax, integrated tax, Union territory tax or cess)

  8. Amount of tax charged in respect of taxable goods or services (central tax, State tax, integrated tax, Union territory tax or cess)

  9. Place of supply along with the name of State and its code, in case of a supply in the course of inter-State trade or commerce

  10. Whether the tax is payable on reverse charge basis

  11. Signature or digital signature of the supplier or his authorised representative:

How to raise Receipt Voucher using Reach ?

Now that you know what is receipt voucher and when it is issued.Let us see, How to raise a receipt voucher using Reach Accounting Software.

There are three types of receipt voucher :

  1. Direct receipt voucher

  2. Payment Against invoice

  3. For Advance against invoice

In most of these scenarios, the payer will request a receipt from you.

Direct receipt voucher

A direct receipt voucher is made to acknowledge a cash sale, sale of an asset or any other windfall receipts. This attracts taxes as well so its important to record this in reach. Receipt can be made as cash, cheques or by bank transfers.

Now let us see how a direct receipt voucher is made.

  1. Go to receipt under income tab.

  2. Click on add receipt.

  3. Select the direct receipt in payment type.

  4. Select date.

  5. Select Payment mode.

  6. Now select the sales in account and give the amount.

  7. In case you like to add taxes to the payments made, make sure the taxes are enabled while creating an accounting ledger.

  8. Add a notes for your reference.

  9. Payment added successfully.

Payment Against bill

A payment against invoice is made towards a credit invoice raised earlier to adjust the customer account for balance payments.

Let me show you how it's done.

  1. Go to receipt under income tab.

  2. Click on add receipt.

  3. Select Payment against Invoice in payment type.

  4. Now select date.

  5. Give the cheque number.

  6. Select the payment mode.

  7. Mention the amount here.

  8. Select the customer.

  9. Add a note for your reference.

  10. Reach automatically open and display all the outstanding invoices for that customer. Make sure you adjust each of the invoice which needs to adjusted.

  11. Click save. Payment added successfully.

Advance against invoice

Manytimes advance payments are made in the course of normal trade. Such advances are adjusted against future invoices of the customer.

Now let me show you how advance payments are recorded in reach.

  1. Go to receipt under income tab.

  2. Click on add receipt.

  3. Select for advance against invoice in payment type.

  4. Now select date.

  5. Give the cheque number.

  6. Select the tax .After GST, these advances also attract taxes and hence it becomes important to record advances promptly.

  7. Now select the mode of payment.

  8. Mention the amount here.

  9. Select customer.

  10. Add a note for your reference.

  11. Click save Payment added successfully.

Reach automatically creates relevant accounting entries in the Daybook, ledgers, Financial and Tax Statements as well, so you can save time on separate accounting entries.

Chapter 4 | Income

In this section, Lets learn about credit notes and its usage.

Learning Objectives:

  1. What a credit note is and when it is issued?

  2. How to prepare a credit note using Reach Accounting Software?

How to prepare a credit note in Reach Software?

When you return your goods to a nearby store, the shopkeeper sometimes would give you a receipt which you can use to exchange or set-off against future purchases. This receipt is known as a credit note.

In business, Credit notes are issued for the following reasons:

  1. For Sales Returns

  2. To provide a Sales Discount which was not known at the time of making the Invoice

  3. To account for shortages in delivery

Credit notes can be adjusted against current outstanding Invoices or might be allowed to be set-off against future Invoices. Sometimes, it might be followed with a cash refund too.

What is a Credit Note?

  1. Explain the following scenarios

  2. Adjusting the credit note against an existing Invoice

  3. Adjusting an Invoice against a credit note

  4. Making a refund payment against a credit note

1. Adjusting the credit note against an existing Invoice

  1. Go to credit note under income tab.

  2. click on add credit note.

  3. Choose the customer to whom you are raising an credit note. Reach will automatically populate the customer’s details.

  4. Select date.

  5. Select products details.

  6. Enable the checkbox.

  7. Reach automatically open and display all the invoices for that customer. Make sure you adjust each of the invoice which needs to adjusted.

  8. Click save.

2. Adjusting an Invoice against a credit note

  1. Click invoice under income tab.

  2. Click view invoice and scroll down.

  3. Click credit note.

  4. Add credit note.

  5. Now credit note page appears. Reach will automatically populate the customer’s details.

  6. Select products details

  7. Go to save.

3. Making a refund payment against a credit note

  1. Go to credit note under income tab.

  2. click on add credit note.

  3. Choose the customer to whom you are raising an credit note. Reach will automatically populate the customer’s details

  4. Select date.

  5. Select products details

  6. Enable the checkbox

  7. Reach automatically open and display all the invoices for that customer. Make sure you adjust each of the invoice which needs to adjusted.

  8. Click save.

  9. Go to action button and click add payment.

  10. Now payment page appears. Add payment details.

  11. Click save.

Know credit note Status will change paid

Chapter 5 | Expenses

Learning Objectives:

Supplier Bills

Supplier bills are issued by the Vendor requesting payments for the same. These bills are payable in a future date. For example bills for goods purchased, This section shows how these bills can be recorded in Reach Software

Payment vouchers

Payment Vouchers are made to record daily petty cash expenses or payments made against supplier bills. These vouchers can be recorded and printed from the software. In this section you will learn how these vouchers can be recorded.

Debit Notes

Purchase returns are recorded using debit notes. Debit notes adjust the supplier ledgers and also adjust the inventory accordingly. These vouchers have to be recorded in Reach. This section will teach you how.

Practicals

  • Record a supplier
  • Add a payment to the bill
  • Add a payment and and print a voucher
  • Record an advance payment
  • Record an purchase return

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 5 | Expenses

What is Input Tax Credit and How is it Claimed?

The key function of VAT is to facilitate a seamless flow of input credit across all buyers. For example let us say you buy a product for Rs. 100 @ 10% VAT. The buyer collects Rs. 10 from you and pays to the government towards the sale.

Later let’s say you sell the same product for Rs. 200 @ 10% VAT. You will be collecting Rs. 20 from the customer.

Now the Government allows you to adjust the Rs. 10 you paid whilst you purchased and pay only the balance of Rs. 10 to the government.

This is called as Input Tax Credit.

Chapter 5 | Expenses

How to make sure input credit is claimed for all purchases?

In order to ensure that the Input tax credit is promptly claimed and made seamless, the following proofs explained as checklist need to be maintained.

The following conditions need to be met:
  • The purchase should be used to make taxable supplies
  • The recipient should receive and keep Invoice
  • The recipient should have paid the consideration for the supply
The following supplies do not qualify for Input Tax Credit:
  • Supplies used to make exempt supplies
  • Entertainment services provided to non-employees
  • Motor vehicles used for personal use
  • Goods or services purchased for use by employees

Chapter 5 | Expenses

Supplier Bills

When you buy goods in the due course of business, you supplier raises an Invoice demanding a payment for the same. The Invoice generally specifies the payment terms and taxes for which Input credit can be claimed. This Invoice needs to be recorded in the Accounting Software as soon as it is raised. Recording the Invoice helps you understand your Financial Status correctly.

Let me now show you how a supplier Invoice can be recorded in Reach.

  1. Go to Bill under expense tab.

  2. Add Bill Button

  3. Select vendor details.

  4. Bill date

  5. Once marked, you can start adding all the products.

  6. While adding products, you can choose taxes.

  7. Once a Bill is completed, you can now create a payment for the bill (or) adjust the bill against advance payments (or) outstanding debit notes

  8. Reach also has the option of pre-setting reminders for your bills through email and sms.

  9. Click save

Chapter 5 | Expenses

Payment Vouchers

Now let us learn what is Payment Voucher is and How to raise payment using Reach, Cloud Accounting Software.

Learning Objectives

  1. what is Payment Voucher and When Should Payment Voucher be Issued?

  2. How to raise the Payment voucher using Reach software?

  3. Where to check the Payment report?

What is a payment voucher?

In the course of business multiple payments are made everyday. For example, Payments are made for Salaries, Travelling and Other office expenses. Payments are also made towards buying assets for the business. Payments can be made towards a current expense, as an advance to a supplier or towards an outstanding supplier Invoice. Payments are mostly made in cash, cheque or as Bank transfers. Everytime a payment is made, A voucher has to be prepared in the accounting software and be attested by the payee. This is to have a proof of payment for audit and tax reasons.

How to raise a payment voucher using Reach Software?

Now that you know what is Payment voucher and when it is issued.Let us see, How to raise a Payment voucher using Reach Accounting Software.

There are three types of payment voucher.

  1. Direct Payment Voucher

  2. Payment Against bill

  3. For Advance against Expense

Direct Payment Voucher

First, I will show you how a Direct Payment Voucher is made. You should create a direct payment voucher for recording cash expenses like travelling, office expenses and wages. Now let see how to raise direct payment voucher.

  1. Go to payment under expense tab.

  2. Click on add payment button.

  3. Select the direct payment in payment type.

  4. Select date and payment mode.

  5. Now select the expense in account and give the amount.

  6. In case you like to add taxes to the payments made, make sure the taxes are enabled while creating an accounting ledger.

  7. Add a notes for your reference.

  8. Now Click Save. Payment added successfully.

Payment Against bill

Next, Let us see how a payment against a previously recorded bill is made. Such payment is made if the supplier has issued a bill already which has been recorded in Reach Software and subsequently payment is made on the due date.

  1. Go to payment under expense tab.

  2. Click on add payment button.

  3. Select Payment against bill in payment type.

  4. Give the cheque no and date.

  5. Select vendor.

  6. Mode of payment.

  7. Add a note for your reference.

  8. Now adjust the amount here.

  9. Now Click Save. Payment added successfully.

For Advance against Expense

Now let us see how an Advance made against an expense is recorded in Reach Software. In the course of business, we might come across a scenario where we make some advance payments to suppliers which gets adjusted later when the supplier sends a bill.

  1. Go to payment under expense tab.

  2. Click on add payment.

  3. Select for advance against bill in payment type.

  4. Now select date.

  5. Select the tax .After GST, these advances also attract taxes and hence it becomes important to record advances promptly.

  6. Give the cheque number.

  7. Select Vendor.

  8. Now select the mode of payment

  9. Mention the amount here.

  10. Add a note for your reference.

  11. Click save Payment added successfully.

Once Bill are made, the Collection Report gets updated automatically in Reach. The Overdue bill reports are adjusted too.

Chapter 5 | Expenses

Now let us learn about debit notes and its usage.

Learning Objectives

  1. What a debit note is and when it is issued.

  2. How to prepare a debit note using Reach Accounting Software.

What is a Debit note? When is it issued?

In the course of business, many times we return the goods purchased from the supplier.

Debit notes are issued:

  1. For Purchase Returns

  2. To provide a upward revision of Invoices

  3. To account for shortages in delivery

Debit notes can be adjusted against current outstanding supplier bills or might be allowed to be set-off against future Bills.

Sometimes, it might be followed with a cash refund too.

How to prepare a debit note in Reach Software

  1. Show how to setup a debit note template.

  2. Explain how to map it to a particular accounting ledger.

  3. Show how to raise a debit note and print.

  4. Explain the following scenarios.

Adjusting the debit note against an existing bill

    To account for shortages in delivery

  1. Go to debit note under expense tab.

  2. Click on add debit note.

  3. Choose the vendor to whom you are raising an debit note. Reach will automatically populate the vendors details.

  4. Select Date.

  5. Select products details.

  6. Enable the checkbox to match expense. Reach automatically open and display all the Bill for that vendor. Make sure you adjust each of the bill which needs to adjusted.

  7. Click save.

Adjusting an Bill against a debit note - option Removed by product team

Making a refund payment against a debit note

  1. Go to debit note under expense tab

  2. Click on add debit note.

  3. Select vendor name and Date.

  4. Select products details.

  5. Enable the checkbox.Reach automatically open and display all the Bill for that vendor. Make sure you adjust each of the bill which needs to adjusted.

  6. Click save.

  7. Go to action button and click add receipt.

  8. Now payment page appears, add payment details.

  9. Click save

  10. Know credit note Status will change paid

Chapter 6 | Banking

Learning Objectives:

Recording Bank Deposits

In the normal course of business, you will be depositing Cash and Cheques collected from the customer into the Bank Account. This needs to be recorded into the Accounting Software.

This section will show you how a bank deposit is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

Recording Bank Withdrawals

Often, Cash is withdrawn from the Bank account for Petty Cash Expenses or to make other payments in Cash. When Cash is withdrawn from the bank, It needs to be recorded into the Accounting Software. This section will show you how a Bank withdrawal is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

Recording Cheque Returns

Since we record every cheque which is deposited into the bank, it is important to reverse it if the cheque issued by a customer returns from the bank. This means that the customer account has to be reversed and the Bank balance reduced. This section will show you how a Cheque return is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

Reconciling Bank Transactions

The Balance shown in the Bank Ledger of the software and the Actual Balance in the Bank does not tally often. At the end of every month, it is habitual to do a Bank Reconciliation to ensure that these transaction are accounted and to ensure that the Bank Account shows a true and correct picture. This section shows you how reconciliation is made.

Practicals

  • Record a bank deposit
  • Record a cash withddrawal
  • Record a cheque return
  • Enter 10 bank transaction
  • Reconcile with bank statement

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 6 | Banking

Recording Bank Deposits

In the normal course of business, you will be depositing Cash and Cheques collected from the customer into the Bank Account. This needs to be recorded into the Accounting Software.

Let me now show you how a bank deposit is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

  1. Go to contra under account tab.

  2. Add contra.

  3. Select Amount.

  4. Select Date.

  5. From cash and To Bank name.

  6. Add a notes for your reference.

  7. Click create. Payment Deposited successfully.

Chapter 6 | Banking

Recording Bank Withdrawals

Often, Cash is withdrawn from the Bank account for Petty Cash Expenses or to make other payments in Cash. When Cash is withdrawn from the bank, It needs to be recorded into the Accounting Software. Let me now show you how a Bank withdrawal in Reach Accounting Software

  1. Go to contra under account tab

  2. Add contra.

  3. Select Amount.

  4. Select Date.

  5. Select from bank name and To cash.

  6. Add a notes for your reference.

  7. Save payment Withdrawals successfully.

Chapter 6 | Banking

Recording Cheque Returns

Since we record every cheque which is deposited into the bank, it is important to reverse it if the cheque issued by a customer returns from the bank. This means that the customer account has to be reversed and the Bank balance reduced. Now, I will show you how a Cheque return is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

  1. Go to journal under accounting tab.

  2. Click on add journal.

  3. Now Add Description.

  4. Select date.

  5. Select customer name.

  6. Add debit amount.

  7. Select cheque in hand ledger.

  8. Add credit amount.

  9. Click Save.

Chapter 6 | Banking

Reconciling Bank Transactions

The Balance shown in the Bank Ledger of the software and the Actual Balance in the Bank does not tally often.

In most cases, This is due to the following reason:

  1. The time delay on the deposited cheques to be cleared.

  2. The time delay on the issued cheques to hit the account.

  3. Bank charges levied by the Bank.

At the end of every month, it is habitual to do a Bank Reconciliation to ensure that these transaction are accounted and to ensure that the Bank Account shows a true and correct picture.

Now I will show you how a Bank Reconcilation is done using Reach Accounting Software

  1. Go to reports.

  2. Click Bank Reconciliation Report under Accounting Reports.

  3. Search date and cheque number.

  4. Go to select cheque clearance date

  5. Now Click Reconciliation report

  6. Here you can see the total number of cheques. i.e., Cheque issued, cleared and non cleared .

  7. Finally you can see your "balance as per bank statement".

Chapter 6 | Salary

Learning Objectives:

Staff Salary Advances

Advance are given to staff as a Loan or towards expenses to be made on the companies behalf. These advances are adjusted against salaries or on producing payment vouchers. This section will teach you how these transactions are entered into reach.

Salary And Wages

Every month the Salaries and Payments have to be recorded in reach. These have to be either journalised or entered as a payment voucher. This section will show you how Salaries can be recorded in Reach

PF And ESI

Employee benefits like Provident funds and Insurance dues have to be journalised and recorded in the software to make sure the financial statements show a true and fair view. This section teaches you how this can be recorded.

Payments Made To Owner/Partner/ Directors

Drawings or expenses made by owners have to be recorded appropriately in Reach. This section shows you how these payments can be recorded into reach.

Practicals

  • Record a salary payment
  • Record a journal entry for PF dues
  • Record a payment to

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 7 | Salary

Recording Staff Salary Advances

In the normal course of business, you will be issuing Advances to your Staffs against Salary or for Expenses. This needs to be recorded into the Accounting Software.

Let me now show you how a Staff Advance is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

  1. Go to Journal under accountant tab

  2. Click add journal option and add Salary Advances entory

  3. Add a Description for your reference.

  4. select the Date, Ref No, Here is the Proof

  5. Now select Staff Salary Advances ( current liability) and add amount under debit column

  6. Select bank or cash and add amount under credit column

  7. Click save

  8. Now go to Journal under accountant tab

  9. Click add journal option now add salary

  10. Add a Description for your reference.

  11. select the Date, Ref No, Here is the Proof

  12. Select Salary ledger and add Total salary amount under debit column

  13. Now select Staff Salary Advances ( current liability) and add advances amount under Credit column

  14. Select bank or cash and add amount under credit column

  15. Then save

Chapter 7 | Salary

Recording Salary and Wages

Now, Let me show you how monthly Salary and Wages due and paid can be recorded in Reach Accounting Software

  1. Now go to Journal under accountant tab

  2. Click add journal option now add salary

  3. Add a Description for your reference

  4. Select the Date.

  5. Select Salary ledger and add Total salary amount under debit column.

  6. Now Select bank or cash and add amount under credit column.

  7. Then save

Let me now show you how a Staff Advance is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

Chapter 7 | Salary

Recording PF and ESI Payments

The PF and ESI due is recorded in Reach Software as explained in the previous segment. Payment of PF or ESI is done using a regular payment voucher.

Let me now show you how.

  1. Now go to Journal under accountant tab

  2. Click add journal option now add salary and PF,ESI entry

  3. Add a Description for your reference.

  4. Select the Date.

  5. You can add the details of the new Ledger by clicking on the "+" button near the Ledger field.

  6. Select Salary ledger and add salary amount under debit column.

  7. Select bank or cash and add amount under credit column.

  8. Select ESI Employee payables ( current liability) and add amount under Credit column.

  9. Select PF Employee payable ( current liability) and add amount under Credit column.

  10. Then save

  11. When You Make The Payment To Government, Now You Need To Pass Journal Entries.

  12. Now go to Journal under accountant tab

  13. Click add journal option now add salary and PF,ESI entry

  14. Select ESI Employee payable ledger and select amount under debit column.

  15. Select PF Employee payable ledger and select amount under debit column.

  16. Select ESI Employer contribution ledger and select amount under debit column.

  17. Select PF Employer contribution ledger and select amount under debit column.

  18. Select bank or cash and add amount under credit column

  19. Then save

Chapter 7 | Salary

Recording payments made to Owner/ Partner/ Director (salary)

When the owner makes payment to himself, it needs to be recorded in the Accounting Software.

    The question to how it should be recorded depends on the type of entity you are dealing with.

  1. If the organisation is a Proprietorship entity, The payments are recorded as "Drawings".

  2. If the organisation is a Partnership, The payments are recorded as Partners Remuneration or Interest on Capital and adjusted to the Partners Capital Account.

  3. If the organisation is a Limited Company, The payments are recorded as "Directors Remuneration" Now, Let me show you how these payments are recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

Director Salary

  1. Go to payment under Expense tab

  2. Click Add Payment

  3. Select the direct payment in payment type.

  4. Select date and payment mode

  5. Now select the "Directors Remuneration ledger in account and give the salary amount.

  6. Add a notes for your reference.

  7. Now Click Save. Payment added successfully.

Chapter 8 | Cash Management

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand how Petty Cash can be managed using Reach.
  2. Every business earmarks some cash for daily office expenses done in cash. The cashier is usually made responsible for this fund and day-to-day expenses are met out of this Imprest. This fund is refilled everyday or week once it is used. Let me show you how petty cash is accounted for.

  3. Learn How to account for expenses spent by Boss
  4. Many times, The boss uses his personal credit card or cash to buy stuffs for the business. It gets settled to the boss and also needs to be recorded as a Business Expense. Now let me show you how such expenses are accounted for in Reach Software

  5. Learn How to account for advances given for expenses
  6. When you give Advance Imprest to Staffs for incurring some Cash expenses, it need to be accounted for. The cash holder might come back and provide bills for the same and return excess cash. This needs to be accounted too.

Practicals

  • Make a payment of Rs.5000/- for travelling from petty cash account.
  • Pass a journal entry to manage an exponse made by business owner of Rs.1000/-.

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 8 | Cash Management

Petty Cash Management

Every business earmarks some cash for daily office expenses done in cash. The cashier is usually made responsible for this fund and day-to-day expenses are met out of this Imprest. This fund is refilled everyday or week once it is used. Let me show you how petty cash is accounted for.

  1. Go to payment under Expense tab.

  2. Click Add Payment button.

  3. Select the direct payment in payment type.

  4. Select date.

  5. Select payment mode.

  6. Now select the Petty cash ledger in account Petty cash means daily office expenses(Water expenses, Tea,coffee expenses,travelling expenses,) and give the amount.

  7. In case you like to add taxes to the payments made, make sure the taxes are enabled while creating an accounting ledger.

  8. Add a notes for your reference.

  9. Now Click Save. Payment added successfully.

Chapter 8 | Cash Management

Expenses spent by Boss

Many times, The boss uses his personal credit card or cash to buy stuffs for the business. It gets settled to the boss and also needs to be recorded as a Business Expense. Now let me show you how such expenses are accounted for in Reach Software

  1. Go to journal under accounting tab.

  2. Click on add journal.

  3. Now Add Description.

  4. Select date.

  5. Select Loan from Director Ledger or Capital Ledger and Add credit amount.

  6. Select Expenses Ledger and Add debit amount.

  7. Now click Save.

  8. When office will Settled to the boss, aghani go to add journal

  9. Click journal under accounting tab.

  10. Add Journal.

  11. Now select Loan from Director Ledger and Add Debit amount.

  12. Select Bank and Add credit amount.

  13. Click Save.

Chapter 8 | Cash Management

Advances given for Expenses

When you give Advance Imprest to Staffs for incurring some Cash expenses, it need to be accounted for. The cash holder might come back and provide bills for the same and return excess cash. This needs to be accounted too.

Now I will show you how this can be managed in Reach Software.

  1. Go to Contra under accounting tab.

  2. Click add contra button.

  3. Add Advances Amount.

  4. Select Date.

  5. Select From Bank details.

  6. Now select To Bank or cash.

  7. Add a notes for your reference.

  8. Click save.

Chapter 9 | Asset Purchases

Learning Objectives:

Recording Asset Purchase

When you buy a Fixed Asset, like machinery, furniture etc you incur ancillary expenses on it life transport, insurance, registration etc. All the expenses incurred till the point such asset is put to use is capitalised and added to the cost of the asset. This cost needs to be recorded in the Accounting Software.

In this section, we will explain how this needs to be recorded.

Recording Asset Sale

When an Asset is sold, the receipt needs to be recorded in the software and any profits arising thereof recorded. This section deals with how this needs to be recorded in the Accounting Software.

Recording Depreciation

Depreciation is recorded in the software while doing the year end processing. This needs to be recorded at a fair percentage calculated according to the wear and tear or according to the prescribed laws. This section will teach you how depreciation is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

Practicals

  • Buy furniture for Rs.2,00,000/-
  • Sell computers for Rs.3,00,000/-

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 9 | Asset Purchases

Recording Asset Purchase

When you buy a Fixed Asset, like machinery, furniture etc you incur ancillary expenses on it life transport, insurance, registration etc. All the expenses incurred till the point such asset is put to use is capitalised and added to the cost of the asset. This cost needs to be recorded in the Accounting Software.

Let me now show you how this is done:

  1. Go to Journal under accountant tab

  2. Click add journal Button

  3. Add a Description for your reference.

  4. Select the Date.

  5. Fill the Reference Number and click Here is the Proof.

  6. Now select fixed asset (Computer) and add amount under debit column.

  7. Select bank or cash and add amount under credit column.

  8. Click save.

Chapter 9 | Asset Purchases

Recording Asset Sale

When an Asset is sold, the receipt needs to be recorded in the software and any profits arising thereof recorded. Let me now show you how this transaction is recorded in the accounting software.

Let me now show you how this is done:

  1. Click Settings, under Settings tab.

  2. Click Account Ledger, under accounting tab.

  3. Now click add a account button.

  4. Then Select Group (Other expenses)

  5. Add ledger name (loss on fixed asset).

  6. Add Opening Balance( 0).

  7. Now click create.

  8. Go to Journal under accountant tab

  9. Click add journal Button

  10. Add a Description for your reference.

  11. Select the Date.

  12. Fill the Reference Number and click Here is the Proof.

  13. Now select bank or Cash and add amount under debit column.

  14. Select fixed asset (Computer) and add sale amount under credit column.

  15. Now select loss on fixed asset ledger and add loss amount under credit column.

  16. Then save.

Chapter 9 | Asset Purchases

Recording Depreciation

Depreciation is recorded in the software while doing the year end processing. This needs to be recorded at a fair percentage calculated according to the wear and tear or according to the prescribed laws.

Let me show you how depreciation is recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

  1. Click Settings, under Settings tab.

  2. Click Account Ledger, under accounting tab.

  3. Now click add a account button.

  4. Then Select Group (Other expenses)

  5. Add ledger name (Depreciation).

  6. Add Opening Balance( 0).

  7. Now click create.

  8. Go to Journal under accountant tab

  9. Click add journal Button

  10. Add a Description for your reference.

  11. Select the Date.

  12. Fill the Reference Number and click Here is the Proof.

  13. Now select Depreciation ledger and add amount under credit column.

  14. Select fixed asset (Computer) and add sale amount under debit column.

  15. Then save.

Chapter 10 | Capital/ Loan

Learning Objectives:

Recording A Loan

A Loan or a Debt is raised for a business to finance its trade or Investment. Loans can be recieved as Term Loans, Asset Loans or Over drafts. When a Loan is recieved it has to be recorded in Reach Accounting Software. This section will teach you how to record a Loan taken for the business.

Recording An EMI Payment

When a term loan or an Asset loan is repaid in Equated Monthly Instalments, The payment includes both Principal and Interest repayments. We will have to calculate the Interest component in the EMI and record it as an Expense. The loan account has to be reduced to the extent of the principal component. This section will teach you how this is done.

Recording Partners Capital

When the partner brings in Capital to fund the business, it needs to be recorded in the software. This transaction needs to be journalised and recorded to give effect in the Balance sheet.

This section shows you how partners capital is recorded in the Accounting Software.

Practicals

  • Record a loan taken from HDFC Bank for Rs.25,00,000/-
  • Record partners capital of Rs.5,00,000/-

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


Chapter 10 | Capital/ Loan

Recording a Loan

A Loan or a Debt is raised for a business to finance its trade or Investment. Loans can be recieved as Term Loans, Asset Loans or Over drafts. When a Loan is recieved it has to be recorded in Reach Accounting Software.

Let me now show you how its done.

  1. Go to Journal under account tab

  2. Add Journal Button

  3. Now add Description.

  4. Then Select date.

  5. You can add the details of the new ledger by clicking on the "+" button near the account field.

  6. Select group.

  7. Then Add ledger name.

  8. Now Click Create.

  9. Now select Loan ledger and add amount under Credit column

  10. Select bank and add amount under debit column.

  11. Now Click Save.

Chapter 10 | Capital/ Loan

Recording an EMI Payment

When a term loan or an Asset loan is repaid in Equated Monthly Instalments, The payment includes both Principal and Interest repayments. We will have to calculate the Interest component in the EMI and record it as an Expense. The loan account has to be reduced to the extent of the principal component.

Let me now show you how its done.

  1. Go to Journal under account tab.

  2. Add Journal Button.

  3. Now add Description.

  4. Then Select date.

  5. You can add the details of the new ledger by clicking on the "+" button near the account field.

  6. Select current liability group.

  7. Then Add ledger name.

  8. Now Click Create.

  9. Now select Loan ledger and add amount under Credit column

  10. Select bank and add amount under debit column.

  11. Now Click Save.

  12. Select ledger (Loan from Bajaj) and add amount under debit column.

  13. Then select Interest on loan and add amount under debit column.

  14. Select bank and add amount under Credit column.

  15. Now Click Save.

Chapter 10 | Capital/ Loan

Recording Partners Capital

When the partner brings in Capital to fund the business, it needs to be recorded in the software. This transaction needs to be journalised and recorded to give effect in the Balance sheet.

Now let me show you how a capital is recorded.

  1. Go to Journal under account tab.

  2. Add Journal Button.

  3. Now add Description.

  4. Then Select date.

  5. You can add the details of the new ledger by clicking on the "+" button near the account field.

  6. Select Equity group.

  7. Then Add ledger name.

  8. Now Click Create.

  9. Select ledger (Partner Capital) and add amount under Credit column.

  10. Select bank and add amount under Debit column.

  11. Now Click Save.

Chapter 11 | Tax Return Filing

In this section, Let us discuss the Compliance Requirements of VAT along with a step-by-step procedure on How to file VAT Returns.

Learning Objectives:

  • What is the frequency of returns to be filed under VAT?
  • What are the due dates?
  • How to pay taxes?
  • Filing VAT Returns

Chapter 11 | Tax Return Filing

Frequency of Returns to be Filed under VAT

Return Filing Period Applicability of VAT Return
Quarterly Return Most of the businesses in UAE will be filing the VAT Returns on a quarterly basis
Monthly Return Only certain classes of businesses will be asked to file VAT Return on a monthly basis. This is yet to be notified.

Chapter 11 | TAX RETURN FILING

What are due dates for filing different Tax Returns under VAT

Return Filing Period Due Date
Quarterly Return 28th day of the month succeeding the Quarter
Monthly Return 28th day of the suceeding month

Chapter 11 | TAX RETURN FILING

How to pay VAT?

The VAT payable determined after off-setting the Output VAT with Input VAT needs to be paid through the FTA portal. The Online VAT payment facility will be provided in the FTA portal, wherein the registered businesses can remit the VAT payable.

Chapter 11 | TAX RETURN FILING

Getting Refunds

Refunds happen when either the Seller is buying Taxable goods and selling exempt or when the seller is an exporter who is entitled to claim refunds.

Format of VAT Returns

The UAE VAT Executive Regulations has prescribed the mandatory information which needs to be declared by the registered person in his VAT Return. The following are the details which need to be contained in the VAT Return:
  • The name, address and the TRN of the Registrant: The Tax Registration Number (TRN) provided by the FTA needs to be furnished in all the VAT Returns. Based on the TRN number, the name and address details are expected to be auto-populated.
  • The date of submission: The VAT returns need to be submitted within 28 days following the end of the VAT return period. Here, the date on which returns are submitted will be captured.
  • Tax Period: Tax Period is the return period to which the Tax Return relates. For example, for January to March'18, it will be Jan-Mar'18.
  • Details of the Supplies (sales) made in the VAT return period: You need to furnish the value of supplies (sales) and output VAT collected during the return period. Also, the supplies need to be categorized into the following:
  • Standard Rated Supplies: This includes all the domestic supplies on which 5% VAT is applicable. Further, these details need to be furnished at the emirates level as shown below:
    1. Standard rated supplies in Abu Dhabi
    2. Standard rated supplies in Dubai
    3. Standard rated supplies in Sharjah
    4. Standard rated supplies in Ajman
    5. Standard rated supplies in Umm Al Quwain
    6. Standard rated supplies in Ras Al Khaimah
    7. Standard rated supplies in Fujairah
  • Zero rate Supplies: The details of notified supplies which are under Zero-rated list needs to be furnished in this section.
  • Exempt Supplies: Supplies such as financial services, residential building etc. which are notified as exempt supplies need to be captured here.
  • Reverse Charge Supplies: Supplies such as imports and other notified supplies on which the recipient or buyer is liable topay VAT on reverse charge mechanism
  • Intra GCC Supplies: Supplies made to customers registered for VAT in other GCC implementing states and for which the place of supply is the other GCC implementing state needs to be captured here.
  • Details of the expenses (Purchases) made in the VAT return period: You need to declare the value of expenses incurred on which you are eligible to recover Input Tax and the amount of Recoverable Input Tax in the VAT return period. Please note, the value of input tax credit which is restricted or which you are not eligible to claim, should be reduced from the total and only the net value needs to be mentioned. Also, the total expenses and recoverable Input Tax needs to be shown separately for standard rated expenses (on which 5% VAT was paid) and the expenses, subject to reverse charge.
  • The total value of Due Tax and Recoverable Tax: You need to mention the total output tax collected and recoverable input tax during the return period.
  • Payable Tax: This will be arrived at, after adjusting the Output Tax with Recoverable Input Tax. If output VAT is higher than input VAT, it will result in VAT Payable. Otherwise, it will be VAT refundable which can be carried forward to next return period or can be claimed as a refund

Chapter 11 | TAX RETURN FILING

Filing VAT Returns

Given below is a step-by-step procedure to file your VAT Return using Reach Accounting Software
  • Generate the VAT return file from Reach accounting software.
  • Login to FTA e-tax portal using your login credentials and upload the return file.
  • Validation and Auto Fill VAT Return Details.
  • Submit VAT Return

Chapter 12 | Year-end Closure

Learning Objectives:

Understand Methods Of Year End Closure

Once the financial year comes to a close, we have to enter the transactions in the new financial year either as a new data file or as a continuation to the existing file. The balances of customers and vendors have to be re-instated and reserves needs to be started fresh. These transactions need to be done in reach once the financial year ends.

Understand Accounting Entries To Be Passed At The End Of The Year

At the end of the year, the following accounting entries need to be passed.

  1. Journals for Depreciation
  2. Journals to transfer Revenue Reserves

This section discusses the Journal entries to be passed.

Learn how to Export Or Segment Previous Year Transactions

A new Financial year needs to be created in Reach carrying forward all the closing balances. This can be done automatically in Reach. Let me show you how this is done. Once this is done, it is recommended to freeze the transactions of that financial year.

This section shows you how this is done.

Practicals

  • Journals for Depreciation
  • Journals to transfer Revenue Reserves
  • Export entire financial year transactions to Excel.

Test

Take a quick 10 question test to evaluate how well you have understood the concepts


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